13. April 2021
The decisive referendum comes six years after the historic peace deal that ended decades of war between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and six months after President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Bangsamoro Organic Law. „The senator pointed out that the creation of a sub-state, as in a federal state, as part of the agreement, is at odds with what is enshrined in the Constitution, which requires that all other local government units (LGUs) be treated as LGUs of our presidential form of government.“ 18 Office of the Presidential Adviser for the Peace Process, FAQs on the Bangsamoro Framework Agreement (February 16, 2013), available from www.gov.ph/the-2012-framework-agreement-on-the-bangsamoro/#faqs; Dean Tony La Via, The Bangsamoro Transition, Manila Standard Today (March 16, 2013), available on manilastandardtoday.com/2013/03/16/the-bangsamoro-transition/. 16 Brother Joaquin G. Bernas S. J., Sounding Board, The RP-MILF Framework Agreement (1), Philippine Daily Inquirer (October 15, 2012), opinion.inquirer.net/38792/the-rp-milf-framework-agreement-1. „Teresita „Ging“ Quintos Deles, Presidential Adviser for the Peace Process, and Miriam Coronel Ferrer, Chair of the Government`s Negotiating Group, agreed that there was a solid basis for optimism. The roadmap on the table is real. I don`t feel like it`s going to collapse. The annexes [until last October`s framework agreement] will be finalised by March at the latest,“ Deles said. The transition commission is likely to be presented this month. Based on a SWS poll: more Filipinos agree that the next president should implement the Bangsamoro agreement. „This agreement creates a new political unity and deserves a name that symbolizes and honors the struggles of our ancestors in Mindanao and celebrates the history and character of this part of our nation. That name will be Bangsamoro. – Speech by President Aquino on the framework agreement with the MILF, 7 October 2012 The Transitional Committee is also mandated to „work on possible proposals to amend the Philippine Constitution for the integration and anchoring“ of the GPH and MILF agreements.
On 24 January 2014, Miriam Coronel Ferer, the Philippine government`s chief negotiator, and Mohagher Iqbal, the philippine`s chief negotiator, signed the final annex of the peace agreement in Kuala Lumpur. Two months later, on 27 March 2014, the comprehensive agreement on Bangsamoro was signed in Manila and was attested by Philippine President Benigno Aquino III, Al Haj President Mourad Ibrahim and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak.